For your information:

This is a compilation of bioenergy projects and activities in Spain and France with links to European organizations, seminars and exhibitions. This Bio file will be updated from time to time. I use several languages on this page. There are links to web pages, blogs, videos and pictures.

I'd like to call this a market research toolbox helping readers of this information to get a faster access to what happens within the European bioenergy scene.

Vital links are collected to one place

Helge V. Keitel

KK-Net Ky
www.kknet.fi
helge.keitel at kknet.fi
+358 50 309 2021

1 TIETO KNOWLEDGE Although wind and solar power will continue to dominate the European renewables market, biopower is an attractive option for utilities looking to cope with intermittent supplies from wind and to maintain their existing coal-fired power stations, according to the study "Europe Biopower Markets and Strategies 2012 - 2035"
2 TUNNE FEELINGS We FEEL that the Spanish bioenergy market is smaller than in the Nordic countries
3 TAVOITE  GOAL We want to learn more about the market, biomass, bioenergy, biofuels and organizations
4 TARVE NEED The needs for heat and power are different in Spain compared to Finland, but the population is much larger.

Every year, almost 50% of the total energy consumed in Europe is used for the generation of heat for either domestic or industrial purposes. The vast majority of this energy is produced through the fossil fuel combustion such as oil, gas and coal – with an impressive environmental impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions.

The European Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan – proposed by the European Commission aims to accelerate the deployment of low-carbon energy technologies –and recognizes the essential role of renewable energy sources for thermal uses.

5 TAHTO DETERMINATION The Spanish Green Work Force did get a lot of publicity during the past 10 - 15 years.

IHS Emerging Energy Research forecasts that biopower capacity will grow by 30 gigawatts (GW) to 56 GW between 2012 and 2035, representing six percent of the additional renewable capacity in the European Union.

6 TOIMINTA ACTION We decided to start a market research operation to learn more about the Spanish market and technology
7 TAITO ABILITY How well are they doing? How good is the technology?
8 TEHO EFFICIENCY We've to define specific goals...

Lähtökohtana ja motiivina on tietoisuus energiakasvien ja sivutuotteiden tarjoamista mahdollisuuksista.

1

 

10.7.2012 Sotkamo  Kajaani  Vantaa  Espoo M  

Europe Fuels Steady Biomass Build-out

February 2, 2011

Highlights of this Market Brief include:

  • IHS EER estimates that non-hydro renewable additions will reach 215 GW in the European Union (EU) between 2010 and 2020, and biomass capacity will emerge as the third-largest source behind wind and solar.
     
  • The established German market will lead Europe in biomass additions, accompanied by countries that are newly implementing favorable policies and are expected to enjoy steady build-up.
     
  • More than half of future biomass installations will be greenfield biomass plants fueled by forestry residues.
     
  • Biomass has limited prospects for cost reductions, and the availability of fuel supply will be the main driver.

 

Biopower, which uses biomass for electricity generation, is a niche market but one that is expected to grow rapidly in Europe as utilities turn to the technology as a source of reliable and cost-competitive renewable power, according to a market study from IHS Emerging Energy Research.

IHS Emerging Energy Research therefore forecasts that biopower capacity will grow by 30 gigawatts (GW) to 56 GW between 2012 and 2035, representing six percent of the additional renewable capacity in the European Union.

Although wind and solar power will continue to dominate the European renewables market, biopower is an attractive option for utilities looking to cope with intermittent supplies from wind and to maintain their existing coal-fired power stations, according to the study "Europe Biopower Markets and Strategies 2012 - 2035".

However, the study notes that the industry faces a number of challenges - including a continuing need for subsidies - that could hamper its expansion despite the EU's drive towards more renewable energy.

"The challenges in sourcing high-quality and sufficient biomass feedstock as well as the uncertain financial support for biopower generation constrain the development of biopower capacity in the EU," said Marianne Boust, Associate Director at IHS Emerging Energy Research who led the study.

The EU's scarcity of domestic wood resources means it will increasingly rely on imported biomass feedstock. In addition, biopower currently is not competitive with wholesale power prices and relies on government support and so market growth is influenced by financial incentives.

The EU is the world's second largest biopower market with 30 GW of new additions by 2035, behind Asia Pacific (46GW) but surpassing Latin America (29 GW).

Growth in the EU will be led in the short term by the construction of new dedicated biomass plants. In the longer-term, growth will come from the conversion of coal to biomass plants driven by environmental regulations and higher carbon prices.

For additional information: IHS Emerging Energy Research

 

2 11.7.2012 Madrid T Helsinki - Frankfurt - Madrid

Markkinatutkimusohjelman viimeistely matkan aikana

BIOMASS IS ONE OF THE MOST VERSATILE OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES.

IT CAN REPLACE SOLID, LIQUID OR GASEOUS FOSSIL FUELS AND THEREFORE, REPRESENTS A MODERN OPTION FOR MEETING THE ENERGY DEMANDS OF OUR HOMES, BUSINESSES AND INDUSTRIES.

IT CAN EVEN BE USED TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY.

IT CURRENTLY MAKES THE GREATEST CONTRIBUTION OF ALL RENEWABLES TO SPAIN'S ENERGY BALANCE.

Spain is a world leader in the technological and industrial development of renewable energies.

Its leadership position has led a large number of foreign companies from the renewable energy sector to set up shop in the country. INVEST IN SPAIN supports these companies with it services.

INVEST IN SPAIN has joined the “Renewables Made in Spain” project being promoted by the Ministry of Industry through the Institute for Energy Diversification and Savings (IDEA), which has one clear objective:

  1. to publicize around the world the strong presence of renewable energies in Spain,
     
  2. the high degree of development achieved by these technologies, and
     
  3. the leadership of Spanish companies and organizations, which has made this possible.

More information at Biomass in Spain.

 

3 12.7.2012 Madrid W Madrid Catalonia Hotel Grand Via

A solid scientific base, a highly qualified workforce, state-of-the-art and innovative infrastructures, an integrated healthcare system and strong government support, make the Spanish Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical sector one of the most dynamic and competitive emerging industries on an international level.

INVEST IN SPAIN - C/ Orense, 58 3 - 28020 Madrid

Tukikohdan perustaminen

La Plataforma Tecnológica Forestal Española se constituyó en marzo de 2005, a partir de la Plataforma Tecnológica Forestal Europea puesta en marcha por tres confederaciones europeas: la Confederación Europea de Propietarios Forestales (CEPF), la Confederación Europea de Industrias de la Madera (CEI-Bois) y la Confederación Europea de Industrias de Papel (CEPI).

C/ RECOLETOS Nº 13, 1º DCHA. 28001, MADRID. - TLF. +34 91 594 44 04 - FAX +34 91 594 44 64

4 13.7.2012 Madrid T Madrid | EREC (European Renewable Energies Council) appears to be a good source to establish a linked view about the collaboration in EU and what kind of organizations we're going to face in Spain in the field of sustainable energies, bioenergy, biofuels. Selvitämme käynti- ja tiedonhankintakohteita

El Centre Tecnològic Forestal de Catalunya (CTFC) té per missió contribuir a la modernització i a la competitivitat del sector forestal, al desenvolupament rural i la gestió sostenible del medi natural, per mitjà de la recerca, la formació i la transferència de tecnologia i coneixement a la societat.

 

5 14.7.2012 Madrid F Madrid Our focus will be on biomass and bioenergy (CHP) but let's have a look at what happened in Brazil from 1975 to present.

The paramount importance of sugarcane supply towards the sustained development of ethanol fuel industry in Brazil is well known. The success story started 1975 after the first energy crisis.

Everything seemed to be working as expected: by the mid-1980s, most of the cars in Brazil were working only with alcohol.

Since 2010, Brazil had become a net importer of ethanol. There are several factors that have intervened in creating this situation, aside from a reduced sugarcane supply.

United States corn-based ethanol exports have increased to the South American country.

It is expected by market analysts that the United States will overcome Brazil as the world’s largest ethanol exporter, since also European Union countries are relying on U.S. ethanol due to shortages in Brazil. (Bevill, 2011)

Noor-Hal Cuellar

, "In any case, improving current technologies regarding lignocellulosic ethanol development would be quite helpful to achieve the desired milestones to make sure biofuels influence both the national and global renewable energy consumption goals."

Noor-Hal Cuellar is a graduate of Cambridge University and describes herself as a freelance bioenergy professional. She hopes to share her ideas and opinions through her new blog The Quest for Sustainable Bioenergy.

SOURCE:  Blog will provide you with more details.
 

Oliiviöljyn tuotantoalueet Espanjassa ja bioenergian tuotantoesimerkit Andalusiassa

Globally, ethanol industry faces several challenges. Even though over 90 percent of all gasoline sold in the U. S. is blended with ethanol, public perception keeps its reluctant perspective towards ethanol and the contentious food vs. fuel dilemma that is not really quite clear, but it keeps shadowing the ethanol choice.

"Spain's own liquid gold has more than just gastronomic value. Energy professionals point out that the olvie crop generates biomass with a fuel value of 1.3 million tonnes of crude oil per year as a by-product."

Spanish Bioenergy Association / Asociación Española de Valorización Energética de la Biomasa (AVEBIOM). “We find clients for our partners”.

We promote: business networks between partners and potential clients, commercial missions related to exports, cooperation and financing of R&D projects, defense of our partner´s interests in Spain and in the EU and we represent the ENPlus pellet certification in Spain.

Special discounts in Expobioenergía, in International Bioenergy Congress or if you advertise in the magazine Bioenergy Internacional Spain and Latin American Edition. We encourage you to become a member!

The energy industry is particularly adept at taking raw material and turning it into products.  Whether producing heat, power, or fuel, the model has proven exceptionally efficient at moving highly concentrated and homogenous resources over long distances through intricate supply chains. 

AVEBIOM, the Spanish Biomass Association, holds the Vice presidency of AEBIOM, the European Biomass Association and is the organizer of the 6th International Bioenergy Congress and Co-organizer of the bioenergy trade show Expobioenergía.

AVEBIOM has 183 company members, 2.750 million euros incomes per year that produce more than 6.500 direct jobs.

6 15.7.2012 Toledo S University Toledo

Toledossa on "Red Lion Bio-Energy and The University of Toledo", jossa tutkitaan biopolttoaineiden ja bioenergian käyttöä. Madridin yliopistossa opiskeleva henkilö ohjeistaa ja opastaa meitä.

  • Red Lion owns the Technology
     

  • The University is working on value added technologies which they may have ownership and/or IP Value
     

  • Red Lion pays rent for the land it occupies on campus
     

  • UT pays for the syn gas it uses from Red Lion at a competitive rate to fossil based fuels.
     

  • Red Lion is responsible for all utilities and permits
     

  • Both parties agree to work together on mutually beneficial grant opportunities and technical advancements.

 

The University of Toledo provides access to faculty and various research tools to support commercialization

As of July 26, 2011, Red Lion Bio-Energy LLC was acquired by Pacific Renewable Fuels and Chemicals. Red Lion Bio-Energy LLC develops and supplies renewable energy solutions.

The company produces bio fuel generated electricity; liquid, solid, and gaseous fuels; heat; pharmaceuticals; and chemicals. It caters to forest, agriculture, and industrial waste sectors.

The company has strategic alliances with University of Toledo, Renewable Energy Institute International, and U.S. Department of Energy. Red Lion Bio-Energy is based in Maumee, Ohio.

7 16.7.2012 Madrid S Madrid

Expobioenergia

Expobioenergía2012, the 7th edition of the international fair specializing in bioenergy, is one of the most important events at international level and it will be held in Valladolid from 23rdto 25th October 2012.

The success of latest editions has made Expobioenergía an unique meeting place in the bioenergy industry and a point of reference at international level.

Expobioenergíais the fair which represents the entire bioenergy value chain.

 Results 2011

  • Floor space: 18.000 m2
  • Nº Exhibitors: 453
  • Countries represented: 24
  • Professional visitors: 13.596

More information in:

http://www.expobioenergia.com/en

8 17.7..2012 Toledo M Toledo We learn about CIEMAT

Dentro de España, Andalucía es la comunidad autónoma con un mayor consumo de biomasa; siendo el ámbito doméstico es sector más importante y destacando el uso de la biomasa para la generación de energía térmica sobre la eléctrica.

La biomasa tiene carácter de energía renovable ya que su contenido energético procede en última instancia de la energía solar fijada por los vegetales en el proceso fotosintético.

Esta energía se libera al romper los enlaces de los compuestos orgánicos en el proceso de combustión, dando como productos finales dióxido de carbono y agua.

Por este motivo, los productos procedentes de la biomasa que se utilizan para fines energéticos se denominan biocombustibles, pudiendo ser, según su estado físico, biocombustibles sólidos, en referencia a los que son utilizados básicamente para fines
térmicos y eléctricos, y líquidos como sinónimo de los biocarburantes para automoción.

We decided to have Madrid as a basecamp and not to travel to Barcelona. We're able to reach valuable and additional information resources from the Capital.

Bioenergy

 

CONCLUSIÓN

Según las previsiones de la Comisión Europea, expresadas en el Libro Blanco de las Energías Renovables, el aporte de energía debido a la biomasa (incluyendo los RSU), estimado en 44,8 Mtep en 1995, debería pasar a ser de 135 Mtep en el año 2010. Según estos datos, la biomasa debería triplicar su contribución actual para lograr el objetivo propuesto.

En la actualidad, la biomasa alcanza el 45% de la producción con energías renovables en España, lo que equivale al 2,9% respecto del total de consumo de energía primaria, incluidas las convencionales.

Tanto en aplicaciones eléctricas como térmicas los recursos más utilizados son los residuos procedentes de industrias forestales y agrícolas.

El mayor consumo se da en Andalucía, Galicia y Castilla y León, debido principalmente a la presencia en ellas de empresas que consumen grandes cantidades de biomasa, a la existencia de un sector forestal desarrollado y la diseminación de la población que facilita el uso de la biomasa doméstica.

 

9 18.7.2012 Toledo T Toledo Activation of markets with medium and large size solar thermal installations in industrial sector, reducing heat provided by fossil fuels or electricity. Bioenergy at the University of Toledo.

Bio-Fuel for Business: Red Lion Bio-Energy and The University of Toledo

 

10 19.7.2012 Toledo W Toledo | We get information about CTB, located in the Region of Navarr. Take a closer look at Groupo Cenec. http://www.cenec.es/ .

Biomass Processing Centre - CTB The CTB is a research and development centre able to process biomass of different origins for solid biofuels production.

In this centre, the behavior of raw materials during the production processes are studied and characterization of the end product obtained is carried out.


Combining densification and torrefaction processes, solid biofuels that are superior in quality to conventional pellets are produced.
 

The National Renewable Energy Centre (CENER) is a state-of-the-art technological centre dedicated to the research, development and promotion of renewable energies within Spain and beyond. CENER offers a wide range of services and applied research, adapted to the needs of the business community, public bodies and institutions.

It specializes in research and its direct applications, Research and Development and Innovation (R&D&I), with the aim of providing a high added value to its
customers.

CENER operates in six areas: Wind power, photovoltaic and solar thermal energy, biomass, bioclimatic architecture and renewable energies grid integration. CENER can provide laboratories and facilities which are equipped with the most innovative systems making it a centre of reference for all Europe.

 
11 20.7.2012 Madrid T Madrid Metro Map | Escan provides high level consultancy services to private and public companies focused on the development and implementation of solutions.

Their technical expertise is primarily focused on energy efficiency, energy savings and renewable energies.

The potential of energy crops for their use as a renewable resource is very high in Spain.

ESCAN participates in initiatives to promote the use of this kind of biomass, increasing its acceptance.

For further information contact with escan@escansa.com

Escan S.A.
Address: Avda. Ferrol 14, 28029 Madrid (Spain)
Tl: +34 913 232 643
Fx: +34 913 234 203
Web: www.escansa.com
Email: escan@escansa.com

Company profile: Independent consulting firm
Started: in 1986
Shareholders: 100% private
General Manager: M. Sc. Francisco Puente
Projects Dir. : PhD. M.Sc. Francisco P. Salve
Secretary: Mr. Nieves Sánchez
 

Francisco Puente-Salve, ESCAN, Spain   

Escan,s.l. is a Spanish SME specializing in energy advice. Established in Madrid in 1986, it focuses its activities at both national and international level and it is independent from industrial groups and equipment suppliers.

It is registered as Consultancy Firm with the following institutions-; Spanish Public Administration, European Commission, United Nations, World Bank, Inter American Bank of Development and Central American for the Economical Integration.

Escan,s.l. has developed technical advice and methodologies required by public institutions and the private companies, to help them achieve their aims of energetic and environmental advancement.

Escan,s.l. promotes the use of new technologies and takes an active role in technological development and innovation studies, along with the promotion of new systems in the market.

Escan manages the first interactive platform in Spain aimed at helping building owners and users to choose the most suitable renewable energy for heating, hot sanitary water or electricity production.

Solar thermal, photovoltaic, biomass, geothermal o small-wind can be a good solution for a big number of homes and buildings of flats, as well as for the public and services sector.

Also, the site offers installers and energy services companies the opportunity to be promoted and reach new customers. More information in www.renovablesencasa.es and www.winforres.eu

 

12 21.7.2012 Madrid F Madrid

© National Renewable Energy Centre (CENER) - CENER - CIEMAT Foundation

Ciudad de la Innovación, nº 7 · 31621 Sarriguren (Navarra) · Spain · T + 34 948 25 28 00 · + 34 948 27 07 74 · info@cener.com

 

Biomass Energy Department

The CENER Biomass Department performs applied research activities in the field of biomass energy, providing services and technical advice to all the agents of the sector: associations, public administrations, users, producers, financial institutions, etc.

Its aim is to contribute to the improvement of the technical-economic conditions of use of this type of energy.

The Biomass Department:

Participates in CTN: AEN/CTN-51 “Petroleum products” SC 3 “Fuels”, AEN-CNT-164 “Solid biofuels” and AEN/CTN-303 “Criteria for the sustainable production of biomass”.

It forms part of expert groups in bioenergy and energy crops of the IES-JRC (Institute for Environment Sustainability of the Joint Research Centre, Ispra).

http://www.cener.com/en/index.asp

13 22.7.2012  Madrid S Madrid Torrefaction and Pellets | International Pellet Trade and Demand Growth up to 2020
Andreas Teir, Pöyry Management Consultinf, Finland

Biomass Torrefaction: Product and Process Development at CENER | F.J. Lemus, J. Gil and I. Echeverria, CENER-National Renewable Energy Centre, Sarriguren (Navarre), Spain

Projects of Bioenergy Development Centre

Bioenergy Development Centre works in cooperation with companies and other research and development organizations to implement development and counseling projects in the field of bioenergy. The experts of the Centre have extensive experience in the implementation and administration of both international and national projects.

At the moment, there are several development projects that the Centre is implementing together with its copartners (links to the JAMK project database):

BIOCLUS: A project focused on the sustainable use of biomass resources and aimed at boosting the regional competitiveness and growth in selected European regions: Central Finland, Navarre (Spain), Western Macedonia (Greece), Slovakia and Wielkopolska (Poland).

 

14 23.7.2012  Madrid S While numerous reports suggest that there is more than enough biomass available globally to meet substantial demand from biopower and biofuels production, the costs associated with harvesting, aggregating, transporting, and processing many of these feedstocks have proven to be mostly prohibitive. 

And this assumes sufficient acreage has been planted to support such efforts. 

Even where feedstock tonnage is available, supply chains have proven far too immature to attract the scale of investment needed to keep pace with ambitious production mandates.

SOURCE: Pike Research Blog

 

The bionergy congress Connecta at Valladolid, 23 - 24 October 2012

“We aim to help sectors of big energy consumers to find creative and innovative
solutions, and fully focused on their needs.”

Javier Díaz González,
President of AVEBIOM

The 7th International Bioenergy Congress becomes conecta bioENERGIA, a meeting place where professionals of bioenergy and BIG ENERGY CONSUMERS, of thermal and power, will connect to find solutions for SAVING and more.

Big energy consumers invited to the 1st conecta bioENERGIA are

  1. HOTELS
  2. FOOD INDUSTRY
  3. SCHOOLS
  4. BLOCKS OF FLATS

Bioenergy connects is organized into 2 spaces: PRESENTATIONS and DISCUSSION (presentation of energy requirements for each consumer sector, case studies, business models and technology solutions for saving) and BILATERAL MEETINGS scheduled between companies.

Energy solutions for large consumers of power and thermal energy in these 4 sectors and   experiences and case studies with practical approach.

Papers can be in long (18 minutes) or short format (5 minutes) depending on the Evaluation Committee. Latest technological innovations in bioenergy use for large energy consumers.

These technological innovations will be presented in the space "3 minutes, 3 images":

SAVINGS

  • Secured biofuel supply and price stability
  • Energy recovery of by-products and residues.
  • Favourable funding and outsourcing conditions
  • Better energy efficiency
  • Co-generation or trigeneration
  • Eco-friendly image

Renewable Heating&Cooling Biomass Technical Seminar - European Technology Platform (RHC-ETP).

 

15 24.7.2012 Madrid M Madrid

Headquarters of the Andalusian Energy Agency. Seville, Spain.

  • Location: Seville, Spain.
  • Architects: Cesar Ruiz-Larrea, Antonio Gómez Gutierrez, Eduardo Prieto González
    Date Completed: 2012
  • Client: Andalusian Energy Agency
  • Project Management: RLA, Ruiz-Larrea & Asociados, SAMA S.C. Jaime López de Asiain (coordinator)
  • Construction Manager: Gonzálo Cátedra
  • Site Manager: UTE GEA 21 - INABENSA, Ernesto M. Fernández Sánchez
  • Strcutural Engineering: NB 35
  • Instalations: ASTER

The building is located in the Science and Technology Park Cartuja 93, which emerged after the 1992 World Exhibition in Seville.

The design aims to join the languages of architecture and energy without formal preconceptions from the beginning.

Therefore, it firstly approaches the study of the place: its climate (temperature and direction of winds, solar path...); the pre-existing architectural context (formal and technological reinterpretation of traditional Andalusia's architecture inspired by the richness of its interior spaces and recovering traditional passive solutions supplemented with an innovative environmental design); and the regulations (design according to urban conditions and regulations of the plot).

Across mainland Spain's southernmost region – the world's most important olive producing area – olive groves cover more than 1.4 million hectares. The vast majority of these groves produce olives for oil.

Yet Spain's own liquid gold has more than just gastronomic value. Energy professionals point out that the olive crop generates biomass with a fuel value of 1.3 million tonnes of crude oil per year as a by-product. It is an eye-catching figure in a country that imports about 99.5% of its oil and natural gas.

The energy-rich olive stones left once the pulp has been extracted have also been used to power boilers. However over the last 15 years there has been a move towards a much more comprehensive use of olive residue as a bioenergy source. In 1995 the first plant powered by olive residue opened in the province of Cordoba, in central Andalucia.

Now there are 15 power stations in Andalucia using olive biomass, generating 164 MW bioenergy per year, according to Maria José Colinet, Director of Renewable Resources and Energy Infrastructures at the Agencia Andaluza de la Energía (Andalucian Energy Agency).

And a further three are due to come online this year with a combined power of 21 MW, Colinet says. And despite the recession, which has struck Spain hard, she says that there are still a “large amount of investment proposals coming through”.

Yet inside Spain there is a widespread sense that the bioenergy sector has failed to develop as expected.

Heikki Willstedt, Energy and Climate Change Expert at the Spanish office of WWF, points out that Spain's 2001 Renewable Energy Plan anticipated that the country would be generating 3 GW per year by 2011.

Even though the target was considered outlandishly optimistic at the time, the 638 MW bioenergy Spain generates annually from biomass still falls far short of even realistic expectations.

As it stands there is a sense in Spain that the future of one of the olive bioenergy industry is at a crossroads.

The reason lies in the complex nature of the biomass itself and the logistics behind its collection, which has led to unequal development across the sector. Willstedt explains, “Quite simply people in this area were not aware how much it was going to cost to collect the biomass and transport it to the plants.”

Getting to the ‘low hanging fruit’

According to Marie Jose Colinet every hectare of olive grove generates three tonnes of olives as well as around three tonnes of pruned wood annually. In addition to this it generates two tonnes of what the Spanish term orujillo – the energy-rich substance created after all oil has been mechanically and chemically extracted from olive pulp.

 

16 25.7.2012 Madrid T Madrid | In Spain, biomass is obtained from a wide variety of plentiful sources (forest waste, olive stones, nutshells, etc.), which guarantees an uninterrupted and abundant supply anywhere in the country.

The benefits of using biomass for both thermal applications (heating, domestic hot water or industrial processes) and for generating electricity are indisputable.

As well as replacing any fossil fuels, biomass provides the same advantages as conventional fuels in terms of comfort, simplicity and quality, and leads to economic savings due to its lower cost.

Spain is particularly known for using biomass from forest waste, especially woody biomass, for heating.

It is European leader in so-called “mountain forests”, the principal use of which is to produce wood for energy.

Spain has experienced recent but rapid growth in the use of biomass for heating applications, which has given rise to a new economic activity involving the manufacture of densified fuels (primarily pellets).

Numerous industrialists from a variety of sectors are making investments, enabling pellets production capacity to multiply approximately ten-fold in recent years from 60,000 t/year in 2004 to close to 600,000 t/year in 2009.

 

Meanwhile, in relation to biomass heat applications, a number of equipment suppliers exist, especially in the low to medium power range, that sell notable amounts of technology and capacity, chiefly through exports to the American continent.

Energy service companies are critical to the growth of biomass for heat applications because they make certain installations are correctly designed and serviced, and guarantee biomass is supplied to users and at a competitive price compared to other options.

Many types of biomass

In Spain, sub-products from the pulp and paper industry, a variety of timber transformation industries, and the olive oil industry, as well as biomass from energy crops or agricultural waste (straw, olive prunings) or from our hillsides, are all used to generate electricity.

In all, biomass electricity generation plants total over 400 MW of installed capacity.

The remunerative framework that could spark significant growth in the use of biomass for electricity generation is recent (Royal Decree 661/2007) and was enacted practically as the recession hit. Nonetheless, such projects should give rise to new capacity coming on line in forthcoming years.

On the other hand, several Spanish companies have been working hard to develop small-scale gasification technology, which has led to the first commercial applications.

The benefits offered by biomass, in terms of a high volume of supply, excellent energy performance, ease of use in co-generation, and relatively low outlays (therefore making it accessible to many investors), means its future looks promising.

 
17 26.7.2012 Madrid Frankfurt Helsinki Tapiola W Madrid - Helsinki - Tapiola

The development of wind energy in Spain is regarded as a model due to many different circumstances; one of them is the fact that the installed capacity at the beginning of 2011 of 20,676 MW is only exceeded by three countries: China, United States and Germany, of much larger population and area.

New 1,515.95 MW were installed in 2010, which were the highest increase across the European Union. This development has been steady and regular over the last twelve years thanks to the firm commitment made during the last two decades both by the Government and by a large business sector.

The fact that wind power covered 16.6 percent of the electricity demand in 2010 becomes very important to our country as it is practically an “electrical island” with a very low interconnection level.

The effort made by the industry, along with the System Operator to integrate into the grid overcoming some sensitive issues such as the adaptation of the turbines to voltage dips, and achieving that high level of penetration has no comparison in the world and has become a reference.

José Donoso,
President
Spanish Wind Energy Association (AEE)

 

Alfonso Beltrán García Echaniz,
General Director
IDAE (Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy)

 

  • Royal Decree 661/2007 which significantly improves the tariff for electricity generated using the different types of biomass.
     
  • Since 2006, the Spanish Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDAE) has been working to modify the legislation governing heating installations in buildings and the energy certification of homes by introducing the necessary stipulations to ensure biomass plants in buildings are correctly installed, assessed and registered with the relevant bodies. This work has given rise, inter alia, to the inclusion of biomass plants in the Regulation on Thermal Installations in Buildings (RITE), the preparation of technical documentation on installing biomass plants, and the inclusion of biomass plants in home energy certification programmes.
     
  • The IDAE implemented the Biomcasa programme in 2009, the objective of which is to ensure biomass provides building users with a quality supply of hot water and heating.
     
  • In 2009, the Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Reserves (MARM) finalised the “Spanish Strategy for Promoting the Use of Forest Waste Biomass for Energy” under the guidance of the National Forest Committee.
     
  • International collaboration.
18 27.7.2012 Tapiola Helsinki Kajaani Sotkamo T Tapiola - Helsinki - Kajaani - Sotkamo

Biomass can play a key role in helping the UK meet the energy challenges of the future, according to a report published Deloitte, the international consultancy.

The Deloitte analysis holds that biomass is a cost-competitive source of renewable energy, it could aid in the conversion of traditional, coal- fired power stations.

At present the United Kingdom is committed to getting 15 percent of its energy from renewables by 2020, but according to Deloitte, burning woodchip or pellets could play a significant role in meeting climate targets and improving UK energy security, allowing the biomass sector to comfortably meet or exceed the 21 per cent of electricity share it is expected to provide by 2030 under the UK government's Bioenergy Strategy.

 

We're looking forward to the next step. It looks like France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Italy and Denmark are high on the list.

Andritz CHP to Sweden. The international technology company ANDRITZ will supply a circulating fluidized bed boiler for a new combined heat and power (CHP) plant at Vaertaverket in Stockholm, Sweden. The plant will commence operations in the third quarter of 2015 and the order includes a PowerFluid fluidized bed boiler giving a heat output of 330MW as well as a flue gas cleaning plant and electrical and control systems.

Demand district heating systems is increasing in Sweden and fossil-fuel systems will ultimately be replaced, largely by eco-friendly biomass. When the biomass boiler starts operating the amount of renewable fuel used at the Vaertaverket will jump from its present 45% to 70%. This will represent the equivalent of the energy demand of 190,000 households.

The plant has been ordered by Fortum Vaerme which has already made a significant contribution towards making Stockholm a leading city in Europe in terms of air quality. The company’s target is to supply the city entirely with climate neutral heat by 2030.

NEXT STEP:

On 23-25 May 2013, Bella Center presents Denmark’s first and largest energy fair, ENERGY EUROPE. The new fair has garnered both national and international support and will contribute to securing Denmark’s position as a world leader in renewable energy and cleantech.

ENERGY EUROPE at Bella Center is well underway with meeting its goal of gathering all stakeholders in sustainable energy under one roof. The new fair has attracted both national and international support from organisations including: the Confederation of Danish Industry, Copenhagen Cleantech Cluster, DS Trade & Industry, the Danish Energy Association, the Danish Wind Industry Association and EREC (European Renewable Energies Council).

Rainer Hinrichs-Rahlwes,President of EREC (European Renewable Energies Council, Brussels): "EREC is glad to support ENERGY EUROPE, as the concept of an all-renewable-energies fair offers the possibility of opening up new markets and minds alike.

Denmark is one of the home countries of successful policies for renewable energy and a climate friendly energy supply. And Denmark is an excellent host for an event focusing on the Scandinavian and Eastern European markets in 2013. Through an exhibition and a market place, it will provide an important meeting place for all the industry's major players and decision makers.

EREC and member associations are supporting ENERGY EUROPE to become a major focus for all renewable energy and efficiency technologies. The mix of different renewable energy and efficiency technologies will present solutions for a renewables based energy supply in Europe and beyond and for further accelerating the necessary energy transition.

EREC is the umbrella organization of the European renewable energy sector - representing industry, trade and research associations active in renewable energy. EREC would like to bring major players of the energy transition to ENERGY EUROPE. Together with the Danish partners and organizers of ENERGY EUROPE, we invite the world to Copenhagen next year!"

- Raine Hinrichs-Rahlwes, President of EREC

Japan  Oji Holdings Corp, which is now focusing on selling biomass power to take advantage of government subsidies for renewable energy and to address the slide in paper sales.

The company, the world’s largest corporate user of renewable energy, will spend 20 billion yen (approx. $233.5 million) to construct the plants and after three years, plans to sell the electricity to be generated by the units.

Potential customers for this particular project are Kyushu Electric Power Co. and Hokkaido Electric Power Co. with a potential 2 billion income per year for each utility. Oji is investing around 60 billion yen ($700 million) for solar, geothermal and hydro energy projects.